Okayama is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan and the largest city in the Chugoku Region after Hiroshima.
The city is an important transportation hub, being the location where the Sanyo Shinkansen meets with the only rail connection to Shikoku. The city developed as a castle town during the Edo Period (1603-1867) : Okayama Castle is considered one of the best castles in Japan. It now lies next to Kōraku-en, an outstanding example of the traditional Japanese garden.
The city is famous as the setting of the Japanese fable “Momotarō”, “the Peach boy”.